SU(3) symmetry and its breaking effects in charm baryon decays

Nov 17, 2022, 10:00 AM



Zhi-Peng Xing (TDLI)


We utilize the flavor SU(3) symmetry analysis on the semi-leptonic
decays of anti-triplet charmed baryons($\Lambda^{+}_{c},\Xi_{c}^{+,0}$) to obtain
the results of $\Xi_{c}$ branching fraction:
$\mathcal{B}(\Xi_c^0\to\Xi^-\mu^+\nu_{\mu})=3.98\pm0.57\%$ and find a heavy
deviation between the results of a process $\Xi_c^0\to\Xi^-l^+\nu$ :
$\mathcal{B}(\Xi_c^0\to\Xi^-\mu^+\nu_{\mu})=1.27(06\pm10\pm 37)\%$ reported
by Belle Collaboration and SU(3) flavor analysis. In this work, the contributions of
vector and axial-vector currents in the semi-leptonic decay process of anti-triplet
heavy baryons are considered and we respectively analyze their SU(3) symmetry
breaking degrees to illustrate the big discrepancy between experimental data and
SU(3) symmetry analysis. Recently Belle-II collaboration reported new
measurements for the branching ratios for $\mathcal{B}(\Xi_c^0\to\Lambda K^0_S)$, $\mathcal{B}(\Xi_c^0\to\Sigma^0 K^0_S)$ and
$\mathcal{B}(\Xi_c^0\to\Sigma^+ K^-)$. Combined with other known data on
charmless two body decays of an anti-triplet charmed baryon, a lot of information
can be derived with the assistance of flavor $SU(3)$ symmetry. Using $SU(3)$
relations between different decay modes, we find that the new Belle-II data would
predict $\mathcal{B}(\Xi_{c}^{0}\to p \pi^{-})=(5.817\pm1.79)\%$,
$\mathcal{B}(\Xi_{c}^{0}\to p K^{-})=\mathcal{B}(\Xi_{c}^{0}\to \Sigma^{+} \pi^{-})=(1.113\pm0.349)\times 10^{-4}$ which can be tested in the future. Earlier
data show that $\Xi^0_c \to \Xi^- K^+$ decays is violated at 2$\sigma$ level which
casts duolt on the validity of $SU(3)$ symmetry. More careful analysis should be
carried out. To this end, we find that with the new Bell-II data, a global fit to data is
now possible if the $SU(3)$ irreducible amplitudes are all real. We find a resonable
$\chi^2/d.o.f=1.24$ and the deviation for the $\Xi^0_c \to \Xi^- K^+$ is reduced to
within 1$\sigma$ level. We give several comments on the feature of global fit. As a
prediction, we predict the unknown branching ratios and asymmetry parameters of
anti-triplet charmed baryon for charmless two body decays, which are accessible
to the experiments at Belle, BES and LHCb.

Presentation materials