The signatures of sub-solar-mass primordial black holes

Nov 15, 2023, 7:30 PM
30m
The Suites Hotel, Jeju Island, Korea

The Suites Hotel, Jeju Island, Korea

67 Jungmungwangwang-ro 72beon-gil, 특별자치도, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do

Speaker

Po-Yen Tseng (National Tsing Hua University)

Description

511 keV gamma-ray excess from the Galactic center is a long lasting anomaly without satisfying astrophysical explanation. Hawking evaporation of hypothetical primordial black hole (PBH) with mass ${\color{blue}1.0\times 10^{-17} \lesssim M_{\rm PBH}/M_\odot \lesssim 8.0\times 10^{-17}}$ and fractional abundance ${\color{blue}10^{-3} \lesssim f_{\rm PBH} \lesssim 1.0}$, gives rise substantial non-relativistic electrons/positrons annihilating into diphoton, well reproduces the 511 keV line. However, it is obscure of the mechanism behind to form PBH with meteoritical mass in the early Universe. In this work, we investigated the production mechanism of PBHs through a cosmological first-order phase transition induced by quartic effective thermal potential via a scalar field in dark sector. We found the phase transition with vacuum energy, $\mathcal{O}(1)\lesssim B^{1/4}/{\rm MeV} \lesssim \mathcal{O}(100)$, produces the desired monochromatic PBH mass and abundance fraction. Correlated signatures of gravitational wave and extragalactic gamma-ray, respectively coming from phase transition and black hole evaporation, are within $\mu$Ares and AMEGO/e-ASTROGAM/COSI/XGIS-THESUS projected sensitivities. Finally, we include the PBH mass function from FOPT and found it can not improve the explanation to 511 keV excess.

Primary author

Po-Yen Tseng (National Tsing Hua University)

Presentation materials