A cosmological sandwiched window for seesaw with primordial majoron abundance

Nov 13, 2023, 9:10 PM
The Suites Hotel, Jeju Island, Korea

The Suites Hotel, Jeju Island, Korea

67 Jungmungwangwang-ro 72beon-gil, 특별자치도, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-do


Bingrong Yu (Cornell University)


A singlet majoron can arise from the seesaw framework as a pseudo-Goldstone boson when the heavy Majorana neutrinos acquire masses via the spontaneous breaking of global U(1)_L symmetry. The resulting cosmological impacts are usually derived from the effective majoron-neutrino interaction, and the majoron abundance is accumulated through the freeze-in neutrino coalescence. However, a primordial majoron abundance can be predicted in a minimal setup and lead to distinctive cosmological effects. In this work, we consider such a primordial majoron abundance from relativistic freeze-out and calculate the modification to the effective neutrino number Neff. We demonstrate that the measurements of Neff will constrain the parameter space from a primordial majoron abundance in the opposite direction to that from neutrino coalescence. When the contributions from both the primordial abundance and the freeze-in production coexist, the U(1)_L-breaking scale (seesaw scale) f will be pushed into a "sandwiched window".
Remarkably, for majoron masses below 1 MeV and above the eV scale, the future CMB-S4 experiment will completely close such a low-scale seesaw window for f ∈ [1,10^5] GeV. We highlight that any new light particle with a primordial abundance that couples to Standard Model particles may lead to a similar sandwiched window, and such a general phenomenon deserves careful investigation.

Primary author

Bingrong Yu (Cornell University)

Presentation materials